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ITaly  Cosenza


Italy (Italian: Italia) is a country in Southern Europe. Together with Greece, it is acknowledged as the birthplace of Western culture. Not surprisingly, it is also home to the greatest number of UNESCO World Heritage Sites in the world. High art and monuments are to be found everywhere around the country.

It is also famous worldwide for its delicious cuisine, its trendy fashion industry, luxury sports cars and motorcycles, diverse regional cultures and dialects, as well as for its beautiful coast, alpine lakes and mountain ranges (the Alps and Apennines). No wonder it is often nicknamed the Bel Paese (the Beautiful Country).

Italy in its region.svg
Flag of Italy.svg
Quick Facts
Capital Rome
Government Parliamentary Republic
Currency Euro (€)
Area total: 301,340km²
water: 7,200km²
land: 294,140km²
Population 59,433,744 (2011 census)
Language Italian (official); minor German, French and Slovene-speaking communities
Religion predominately Roman Catholic with mature Protestant and Jewish communities and a growing Muslim immigrant community
Electricity 230V, 50Hz (European or Italian plug)
Country code +39
Internet TLD .it
Time Zone UTC+1
Emergencies dial 112

Two independent mini-states are surrounded entirely by Italy: San Marino and Vatican City. While technically not part of the European Union, both of these states are also part of the Schengen Area and the European Monetary Union (EMU). Apart from different police uniforms, there is no evident transition from these states and Italy's territory, and the currency is the same. Italian is also the official language in both countries.